Eczema or dermatitis are terms used to describe the characteristic clinical appearance of inflamed, dry, occasionally scaly and vesicular skin rashes associated with divergent underlying causes.Dermatitis, as term suggests, implies inflammation of the skin which relates to the underlying pathophysiology.Environmental factors are also known to bring out the symptoms of eczema


  • Irritants: soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats or vegetables
  • Allergens: dust mites, pets, pollens, mold, dandruff
  • Microbes: bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, certain fungi
  • Hot and cold temperatures: hot weather, high and low humidity, perspiration from exercise
  • Foods: dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, wheat
  • Stress: it is not a cause of eczema but can make symptoms worse
  • Hormones: women can experience worsening of eczema symptoms at times when their hormone levels are changing, for example during pregnancy and at certain points in their menstrual cycle.


Eczema Signs & symptoms:

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Lichenification- a leathery, thicker skin area in response to scratching.
  • A grainy appearance to the skin
  • Weeping when the blisters burst
  • Crusts or scabs that form when the fluid dries.
  • Pale patches on skin